Tuesday, 17 April 2012

Phrasal Verb


What is a Phrasal Verb?

Phrasal verbs are idiomatic expressions, combining verbs and prepositions to make new verbs whose meaning is often not obvious from the dictionary definitions of the individual words. They are widely used in both written and spoken English, and new ones are formed all the time as they are a flexible way of creating new terms.
Phrasal Verbs List
Phrasal verbs are usually two-word phrases consisting of verb + adverb or verb + preposition. Think of them as you would any other English vocabulary. Study them as you come across them, rather than trying to memorize many at once. Use the list below as a reference guide when you find an expression that you don't recognize. The examples will help you understand the meanings. If you think of each phrasal verb as a separate verb with a specific meaning, you will be able to remember it more easily. Like many other verbs, phrasal verbs often have more than one meaning.
This list shows about 200 common phrasal verbs, with meanings and examples. Only the most usual meanings are given. Some phrasal verbs may have additional meanings.
As well as learning their meanings, you need to learn how to use phrasal verbs properly. Some phrasal verbs require a direct object (someone/something), while others do not. Some phrasal verbs can be separated by the object, while others cannot. Review this phrasal verbs grammar from time to time so that you don't forget the rules!
ask someone out
invite on a date
Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask around
ask many people the same question
asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to something
Your purchases add up to $205.32.
back something up
You'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back someone up
My wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow up
The racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow something up
add air
We have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break down
stop functioning (vehicle, machine)
Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break down
get upset
The woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break somethingdown
divide into smaller parts
Our teacher broke the final project downinto three separate parts.
break in
force entry to a building
Somebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break into something
enter forcibly
The firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break something in
wear something a few times so that it doesn't look/feel new
I need to break these shoes in before we run next week.
break in
The TV station broke in to report the news of the president's death.
break up
end a relationship
My boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break up
start laughing (informal)
The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break out
The prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren't looking.
break out insomething
develop a skin condition
broke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring someone down
make unhappy
This sad music is bringing me down.
bring someone up
raise a child
My grandparents brought me up after my parents died.
bring something up
start talking about a subject
My mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring something up
He drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.
call around
phone many different places/people
We called around but we weren't able to find the car part we needed.
call someone back
return a phone call
called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call something off
Jason called the wedding off because he wasn't in love with his fiancé.
call on someone
ask for an answer or opinion
The professor called on me for question 1.
call on someone
visit someone
We called on you last night but you weren't home.
call someone up
Give me your phone number and I willcall you up when we are in town.
calm down
relax after being angry
You are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care forsomeone/something
not like (formal)
I don't care for his behaviour.
catch up
get to the same point as someone else
You'll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check in
arrive and register at a hotel or airport
We will get the hotel keys when wecheck in.
check out
leave a hotel
You have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
look at carefully, investigate
The company checks out all new employees.
check outsomeone/something
look at (informal)
Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer up
become happier
She cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer someone up
make happier
I brought you some flowers to cheer youup.
chip in
If everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean something up
tidy, clean
Please clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come acrosssomething
find unexpectedly
came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apart
The top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down withsomething
become sick
My nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forward
volunteer for a task or to give evidence
The woman came forward with her husband's finger prints.
come fromsomewhere
originate in
The art of origami comes from Asia.
count onsomeone/something
rely on
I am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross something out
draw a line through
Please cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back onsomething
consume less
My doctor wants me to cut back onsweets and fatty foods.
cut something down
make something fall to the ground
We had to cut the old tree in our yarddown after the storm.
cut in
Your father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut in
pull in too closely in front of another vehicle
The bus driver got angry when that carcut in.
cut in
start operating (of an engine or electrical device)
The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut something off
remove with something sharp
The doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut something off
stop providing
The phone company cut off our phone because we didn't pay the bill.
cut someone off
take out of a will
My grandparents cut my father off when he remarried.
cut something out
remove part of something (usually with scissors and paper)
cut this ad out of the newspaper.
beat up, ransack (Br.E., informal)
He's lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do something over
do again (N.Amer.)
My teacher wants me to do my essayover because she doesn't like my topic.
do away withsomething
It's time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do something up
fasten, close
Do your coat up before you go outside. It's snowing!
dress up
wear nice clothing
It's a fancy restaurant so we have todress up.
drop back
move back in a position/group
Andrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/by/over
come without an appointment
I might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
take someone/something somewhere and leave them/it there
I have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop out
quit a class, school etc
dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat out
eat at a restaurant
I don't feel like cooking tonight. Let's eat out.
end up
eventually reach/do/decide
We ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apart
break into pieces
My new dress fell apart in the washing machine.

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